joined 1 year ago
[–] [email protected] 3 points 1 week ago

One thing I've found to be useful is just having my browser clear all cookies upon closing. It's initially annoying while you set up all your exceptions for commonly used sites so you don't need to log in again there every time, but afterwards you don't need to worry too much, because once you close your browser, all the useless cookies are gone.

[–] [email protected] 11 points 1 week ago (1 children)

I did not use Photoshop particularly long, but I have been using the Affinity Suite both on a pc and a tablet for over a year now and can say it's definitely quite good. Everything is where you think it should be, the workflow feels very usable with no major learning curve (looking at you, GIMP), and overall the only thing I don't like about it is its lack of Linux support. I would assume that absolute professionals won't be able to find everything they like/want, but if you're reading this, chances are you're gonna be more than satisfied, if FOSS options don't quite work for you.

[–] [email protected] 9 points 1 month ago (6 children)

Wait, it doesn't support caldav? That really kills the appeal of the convenience they provide as a one-stop-shop, as I'd have to deal with hosting my calendars in another way. I guess at that point I could just get SimpleLogin and use the rest as I have it, even if that gets close to proton unlimited price-wise...


Due to the recent announcement of Proton moving to a non-profit structure (although not becoming fully non-profit) I've decided to take another look at them and really, Proton Unlimited is an enticing offer. However, the fact of everything from mail, to accounts, to storage being in one place is somewhat disconcerting. Also I recall them being decent, but not particularly outstanding at refusing to provide data to outside sources, there was a situation a while back where they handed over information of a climate activist.

To be fair, mail is insecure by default and if you're going so far as to write to another Protonmail user you might as well use something actually secure and I am not exactly planning on breaking the law so I'm not too worried about data being handed over to authorities, yet it still leaves a bitter taste in my mouth and with the state of politics where I live there certainly is a concern that, being queer, I should also be a bit weary of governing bodies as well, as laws may change in the future.

Basically, by switching to Proton I'd be putting a lot of trust in them, instead of splitting it up between things like Mullvad, Bitwarden, etc. and besides a password manager (and to some extent my email provider), while dramatic, a single failure at any point wouldn't be a total disaster. Are they trustworthy enough for the convenience benefits to be worth it to any of you?

[–] [email protected] 4 points 1 month ago

That site is lovely, thank you!

[–] [email protected] 2 points 1 month ago

As I mentioned in the post, my money budget is around 1000€ as a target, but it extends both up and down. I can stretch if needed, but if that's comically overkill then I'd be happy to go lower. Time budget... not too high, but also not super low. I can certainly spend a day or two setting everything up. Electricity costs are certainly a factor, power prices here were some of the highest globally, even before the extreme increases lately.

Also thanks for the tip of the S3 backup, it's probably a good idea to have an extra copy of important data off-site, yeah.

submitted 1 month ago* (last edited 1 month ago) by [email protected] to c/[email protected]

I'm having trouble finding a proper starting point for self hosting, so I am curious on any resources you'd recommend, or even some build lists / pre-built devices.

What I want to do:


  1. Host some applications like TinyTinyRSS, Jellyfin, GitLab, and Nextcloud which I'd want to be accessible in my home network
  2. Use the computer as a NAS to back data up and have it easily accessible on my desktop and laptop
  3. Have a piHole


  1. Access my hosted applications from outside of my network
  2. Use tools like Radarr to automatically download things from torrent lists
  3. Use it as a seedbox

The reason the last three are optional is because for that I'd have to expose the computer to the outside network, which has a whole bunch of benefits, but also a whole bunch of risks I am likely neither capable of nor comfortable with working around, so unless there's an easy fix (number 3 might be able to be handled via a VPN?) they're a problem for future me. For anything further I think I can just go from here once those requirements develop

I have already skimmed through some articles, watched some build guides for both NAS and home servers and honestly I just don't know what I need, both in information, hardware, and software.

  • Should I separate the NAS and Home Server, get a separate device for the piHole, or just have all three in one?
  • What hardware would be suitable for this?
  • Should I buy something off the shelf like a mini PC (for instance an Intel NUC) or one of these fancy prebuilt NAS devices where you just need to plug in some drives or build my own?
  • Would it be smarter to go with a Linux distro as the OS, for instance Debian, or should I use something like Unraid or TrueNAS which from what I can gather make setup more convenient and even handle docker images for you?

I am somewhat comfortable with Linux and the command line and have a budget of about 1000€, but if I can get away with less that would be great, and I can also stretch higher if needed for my requirements. I am also very new to self hosting and my networking knowledge is not non-existent, but limited.

I'm just a bit lost and would love some beginner-oriented resources or direct advice, thank you!

[–] [email protected] 1 points 1 month ago

Really, I'd just recommend using nano then. It's installed basically anywhere you can find vim and works perfectly fine as a text editor! To use vim effectively it has a learning curve no matter what, so it's not necessarily meant for everyone.

[–] [email protected] 18 points 2 months ago (1 children)

The original meme template, to my knowledge, was something along the lines of "People be like "Subway sucks". Bro, you made the sandwich." and then it was tweaked a little, tweaked a little more, tweaked a little more and we ended up with this and even more absurd versions.

[–] [email protected] 1 points 4 months ago

About NixOS specifically, I actually made a post on [email protected] and overall the feedback seemed to be that Nix is a mixed bag, and that unless you want to duplicate your system a bunch of times, it's probably smarter to stick to Arch, and a few people said I should use immutable Fedora for some reason despite that not being the question.

[–] [email protected] 1 points 4 months ago (2 children)

I'm quite excited but also mildly worried about Arch. I am currently on EndeavourOS, so I'm used to day-to-day usage of an Arch-based system, but I do worry about not following some best practices that screw me over in the long run during the install or forgetting some crucial security things. I do believe 95% of what I could mess up is going to be covered in the install guide, but who knows what I'll overlook. And I know Archinstall exists, but I might as well stay on EOS if I was gonna use that, as I primarily intend this to be a learning opportunity. We'll see how things go!

[–] [email protected] 2 points 4 months ago (4 children)

I see. I suppose figuring out which things to get rid of takes some getting used to, but thank you for the advice!

[–] [email protected] 3 points 4 months ago (6 children)

maintaining a clean package tree

What do you mean by that, specifically? I looked that up online and maybe I'm a bit dumb, but I didn't find anything that made much sense

[–] [email protected] 3 points 4 months ago

I haven't personally tried them, but I've heard good things about Sock Dreams:


So, Konsole shipped by default with KDE Plasma, my current Desktop Environment. While I don't have a problem with it, I am interested in what other people are using, because there very likely is something better out there.

Specifically I've seen talk of Kitty and Alacritty, although I've also read that the dev of Kitty is allegedly kind of a jerk, so I am specifically interested in how Konsole matches up to Alacritty in your experience, but other suggestions and general terminal emulator discussion are also welcome!


I would like to set up a NAS/Home Server Combination. I am not particularly experienced with networking and this general area, although I can handle Linux well enough at the very least, so I have a few questions, particularly about security, but also other things.

So, here's what I want, to provide a general idea of my plans:

I'd like

  • Storage for my local network
  • Nextcloud
  • "Sync sources" for myself like a self-hosted RSS Reader and I guess Nextcloud counts for this too, with Calendars, Contacts, etc. (These should be available primarily to me, but indirectly through other apps)
  • Collaborative tools also accessible to others (OnlyOffice, Etherpad, etc.)
  • Plex/Jellyfin/Similar
  • Factorio/Minecraft/Tf2 server for a handful of players (not all at once)

This isn't a comprehensive list, but should provide a rough idea

So, my questions:

  1. Is it reasonable to combine a NAS and Home Server?
  2. How do I keep it secure, especially with potentially sensitive data on Nextcloud or in general storage, if I also want others to be able to access parts of it?
  3. What price range am I reasonably looking at if I want, let's say, 8TB (is that normal?) of storage and enough performance to run all the above plus some extra things?
  4. What are some general best practices for hardware upkeep / preventing data loss?
  5. What are some best practices for security overall?
  6. Is there anything you'd like me to know, as a total novice in this field?

I am grateful for any tips, even if they're not entirely related to my direct questions, so please feel free to dump all kinds of knowledge and tips on me, if it's not too much of a bother for you!


I'm personally using NewsFlash at the moment, and it's perfectly fine, but its borders are completely incongruous with my theme, I assume they're based around Gnome and I'm on Plasma, so I'm looking for a new one and was wondering what people here use?

On top of one for Linux, I'd be curious on if any of you have recommendations for Android or iOS, as only being able to check the news on my pc has led to me relying on RSS a bit less than I'd like.

submitted 6 months ago* (last edited 6 months ago) by [email protected] to c/[email protected]

Hi, I was here and asked about a few distros already, so here's a quick summary of my situation:

I'm thinking about what distro to put onto my new Laptop, which will be used for University, Work, and just general daily usage. I am currently using EndeavourOS on my main PC and have been decently satisfied, but I want to experiment more. I've already asked if Arch was fine for this situation, to which the answer was a general "Yes, but keep x in mind" and I've asked about NixOS, where the answer was generally a no.

I've been looking around a bit more, and now I'm kind of curious about Fedora, specifically the KDE spin (or i3, I haven't quite decided). It seems to be cutting edge, compared to Arch's (and by extension EndeavourOS's) bleeding edge, and I'm wondering what you all think of it. From what I can gather it has basically all traits which people used to enjoy in Ubuntu, before Canonical dropped the ball on that. While it's not rolling release, the stability improvements and user experience compared to something like Arch, or even a more comfortable fork like EndeavourOS, seem quite decent, but in your experience, does that make up for the lack of the AUR and reduced applicability of the Arch Wiki?

I'm curious to hear about your experiences and recommendations!

Edit: I feel like I need to clarify, I know about the difference between EndeavourOS and Arch, I mostly just brought it up as a note that I am somewhat familiar with arch-based systems, and as a question of if it'd be stupid to just go with raw Arch, as EndeavourOS is basically the same, but with a more comfortable installer. I should have specified that more clearly in the first place, my apologies.

Arch or NixOS? (

I've been here a week ago already asking if Arch would be fine for a laptop used for university, as stability is a notable factor in that and I'm already using EndeavourOS at home, but now I'm curious about something else too - what about Arch vs NixOS?

I heard that NixOS is pretty solid, as due to the one file for your entire system format you can both copy and restore your system easily whenever, apart from your normal files and application configurations of course.

Are there any major downsides to NixOS compared to Arch apart from the Arch Wiki being a bit less relevant? I'd also lose access to the AUR, but admittedly I don't think I've ever actually needed it for anything, it's just nice to have. Also, since NixOS has both rolling release and static release and you can mix and match if you wanna get packages from unstable or not, I'm not losing Arch's bleeding edge, which is nice.


I am currently using Windows on an older HP Laptop, which I intend to replace with a Framework 16 by next summer, but my Desktop PC at home has been running EndeavourOS, my first ever Linux distro, since last summer, so I have some Arch-based experience.

As a learning experience I'd like to install raw Arch, but I'm wondering if it makes sense as a primary OS on something that should be a stable system, since I intend to use the laptop for university. I am planning on using btrfs and timeshift, so it shouldn't break too horribly, even if something goes wrong (and I don't wanna jinx it, but so far my EndeavourOS pc has been entirely fine too, so I didn't even run into such an issue yet), but depending on who you ask Arch is either the most stable distro they've ever used or bricked their pc ten seconds into the install process.

So now I'm curious on if you all think this is a stupid idea or if it should be fine. Should I try installing Arch and then for actual use replace it with another distro like Debian LTS, NixOS or something like Mint on a machine which fulfills a more critical role than my PC at home, or should I be alright rolling with Arch on my uni laptop?

As a side note, what's your take on using Arch vs EndeavourOS? It's roughly the same fundamentally, so is there any point in using Arch apart from the learning experience and being able to say "I use arch btw"? My reasoning for actually wanting to use it and not just wanting to set it up for the learning experience and then switching off to EOS or something entirely different is "I think it's neat", which is hardly a good reason long-term.

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